GOD PROMISED TO MAKE ABRAHAM INTO A GREAT NATION AND BLESS
ALL PEOPLE ON EARTH THROUGH HIM
Genesis 12:1-3 The LORD had said to Abram, "Leave your country,
your people and your father's household and go to the land I will show
you. "I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I
will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those
who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse;
all peoples on earth will be blessed through you."
SARAI FAILED TO CONCEIVE AFTER 10 YEARS AND SO
ABRAHAM TOOK HAGAR AS HIS WIFE
Genesis 16:3 So after Abram had been living in Canaan ten years, Sarai
his wife took her Egyptian maidservant Hagar and gave her to her husband to be
HAGAR BEGAN TO DESPISE SARAI ONCE SHE WAS PREGNANT
Genesis 16:4 He slept with Hagar, and she conceived. When she knew she
was pregnant, she began to despise her mistress.
THE ANGEL OF THE LORD TOLD HAGAR THAT HE WOULD MAKE HER DESCENDANTS
Genesis 16:7-10 The angel of the LORD found Hagar near a spring in the
desert; it was the spring that is beside the road to Shur. And he said,
"Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you
going?" "I'm running away from my mistress Sarai," she
answered. Then the angel of the LORD told her, "Go back to your
mistress and submit to her." The angel added,
will so increase your descendants that they will be too numerous to count."
ABRAM'S FIRST CHILD WAS TO BE CALLED ISHMAEL
Genesis 16:11 The angel of the LORD also said to her: "You are now with
child and you will have a son. You shall name him
Ishmael, for the LORD has heard of your misery.
PROPHESY ABOUT ISHMAEL
Genesis 16:12 He will be a wild donkey of a man; his
hand will be against everyone and everyone's hand against him, and he will live
in hostility toward all his brothers."
ABRAM'S FIRST SON WAS BORN TO THE SERVANT WOMAN
Genesis 16:15-16 So Hagar bore Abram a son, and Abram gave the name Ishmael
to the son she had borne. Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore
GOD CONFIRMED HIS COVENANT WITH ABRAM AT THE AGE OF 99
Genesis 17:1-2 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to him
and said, "I am God Almighty ; walk before me and be blameless. I
will confirm my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your
GOD PROMISED TO MAKE ABRAM THE FATHER OF MANY NATIONS
Genesis 17:3-6 Abram fell facedown, and God said to him, "As for
me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations.
No longer will you be called Abram ; your name will be Abraham, for I have made
you a father of many nations. I will make you very fruitful; I will make
nations of you, and kings will come from you.
GOD ESTABLISHED AN EVERLASTING COVENANT WITH ABRAHAM AND HIS
DESCENDANTS: I WILL BE YOUR GOD AND YOU WILL BE MY PEOPLE
Genesis 17:7-9 I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant
between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come,
to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. The whole land
of Canaan, where you are now an alien, I will give as an everlasting possession
to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God." Then
God said to Abraham, "As for you, you must keep my covenant, you and your
descendants after you for the generations to come.
THE SIGN OF THIS EVERLASTING COVENANT WAS CIRCUMCISION
Genesis 17:10-13 This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you,
the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised.
You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between
me and you. For the generations to come every male among you who is eight
days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought
with money from a foreigner--those who are not your offspring. Whether
born in your household or bought with your money, they must be
circumcised. My covenant in your flesh is to be an everlasting
ANY UNCIRCUMCISED MALE WAS TO BE CUT OFF FROM HIS PEOPLE
Genesis 17:14 Any uncircumcised male, who has not been circumcised in
the flesh, will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant."
GOD WANTED TO ESTABLISH HIS COVENANT THROUGH A CHILD BORN TO SARAH AS
Genesis 17:15-22 God also said to Abraham, "As for Sarai your wife, you
are no longer to call her Sarai; her name will be Sarah. I will bless her and
will surely give you a son by her. I will bless her so that she will be the
mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her." Abraham fell
facedown; he laughed and said to himself, "Will a son be born to a man a
hundred years old? Will Sarah bear a child at the age of ninety?" And
Abraham said to God, "If only Ishmael might live under your
blessing!" Then God said, "Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear
you a son, and you will call him Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as
an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. And as for Ishmael,
I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will
greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will
make him into a great nation. But my covenant I will establish with Isaac,
whom Sarah will bear to you by this time next year." When he had
finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him.
THAT IT MIGHT BE THROUGH FAITH AND NOT THROUGH HUMAN EFFORT
Galatians 3:2-9 I would like to learn just one thing from you: Did you
receive the Spirit by observing the law, or by believing what you heard?
Are you so foolish? After beginning with the Spirit, are you now trying to
attain your goal by human effort? Have you suffered so much for
nothing--if it really was for nothing? Does God give you his Spirit and
work miracles among you because you observe the law, or because you believe what
you heard? Consider Abraham: "He believed God, and it was credited to
him as righteousness." Understand, then, that those who believe are
children of Abraham. The Scripture foresaw that God would justify the
Gentiles by faith, and announced the gospel in advance to Abraham: "All
nations will be blessed through you." So those who have faith are
blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith.
Galatians 3:14-18 He redeemed us in order that the blessing given to
Abraham might come to the Gentiles through Christ Jesus, so that by faith we
might receive the promise of the Spirit. Brothers, let me take an example
from everyday life. Just as no one can set aside or add to a human covenant that
has been duly established, so it is in this case. The promises were spoken to
Abraham and to his seed. The Scripture does not say "and to seeds,"
meaning many people, but "and to your seed," meaning one person, who
is Christ. What I mean is this: The law, introduced 430 years later, does not
set aside the covenant previously established by God and thus do away with the
promise. For if the inheritance depends on the law, then it no longer
depends on a promise; but God in his grace gave it to Abraham through a promise.
ABRAM WANTED TO BLESS ISHMAEL
Genesis 17:18 And Abraham said to God,
Ishmael might live under your blessing!"
Genesis 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard you:
will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his
numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a
ABRAM AND ISHMAEL WERE CIRCUMCISED ON THE SAME DAY
Genesis 17:23-26 On that very day Abraham took his son Ishmael and all those
born in his household or bought with his money, every male in his household, and
circumcised them, as God told him. Abraham was ninety-nine years old when
he was circumcised, and his son Ishmael was thirteen; Abraham and his son
Ishmael were both circumcised on that same day.
GOD TOLD ABRAHAM TO GET RID OF THE SON OF THE SLAVE WOMAN
Genesis 21:8-11 The child grew and was weaned, and on the day Isaac was
weaned Abraham held a great feast. But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar
the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking, and she said to Abraham, "Get
rid of that slave woman and her son, for that slave woman's son will never share
in the inheritance with my son Isaac." The matter
distressed Abraham greatly because it concerned his son.
GOD WANTED TO RECONCILE ABRAHAM'S OFFSPRING THROUGH ISAAC
Genesis 21:12 But God said to him, "Do not be so distressed about the
boy and your maidservant. Listen to whatever Sarah tells you,
it is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.
GOD ALSO MADE ISHMAEL INTO A GREAT NATION AND WAS WITH HIM AS HE GREW UP
Genesis 21:13-21 I will make the son of the
maidservant into a nation also, because he is your offspring."
Early the next morning Abraham took some food and a skin of water and gave them
to Hagar. He set them on her shoulders and then sent her off with the boy. She
went on her way and wandered in the desert of Beersheba. When the water in
the skin was gone, she put the boy under one of the bushes. Then she went
off and sat down nearby, about a bowshot away, for she thought, "I cannot
watch the boy die." And as she sat there nearby, she began to sob.
God heard the boy crying, and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and
said to her, "What is the matter, Hagar? Do not be afraid; God has heard
the boy crying as he lies there. Lift the boy up and take him by the hand,
for I will make him into a great nation."
Then God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water. So she went and filled the
skin with water and gave the boy a drink. God was
with the boy as he grew up. He lived in the desert and became an
archer. While he was living in the Desert of Paran, his mother got a wife
for him from Egypt.
ABRAHAM TOOK ANOTHER WIFE AND HAD LOTS OF CHILDREN TO HER
Genesis 25:1-4 Abraham took another wife, whose name
was Keturah. She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and
Shuah. Jokshan was the father of Sheba and Dedan; the descendants
of Dedan were the Asshurites, the Letushites and the Leummites. The sons
of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida and Eldaah. All these were
descendants of Keturah.
LIKE ISHMAEL, HE SENT THEM AWAY TO THE EAST, BLESSING THEM
WITH MANY GIFTS
Genesis 25:6 But while he was still living, he gave gifts to
the sons of his concubines and sent them away from his son Isaac to the land of
ABRAHAM LEFT EVERYTHING TO ISAAC
Genesis 25:5 Abraham left everything he owned to Isaac.
ABRAHAM WAS BURIED BY BOTH ISAAC AND ISHMAEL WHEN HE DIED
Genesis 25:9 His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah
near Mamre, in the field of Ephron son of Zohar the Hittite,
ISHMAEL HAD TWELVE CHILDREN WHO BECAME TRIBAL LEADERS (AS
Genesis 25:12-16 This is the account of Abraham's son Ishmael, whom Sarah's
maidservant, Hagar the Egyptian, bore to Abraham. These are the names of
the sons of Ishmael, listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth the firstborn
of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, Jetur,
Naphish and Kedemah. These were the sons of Ishmael, and these are the
names of the twelve tribal rulers according to their settlements and camps.
The Ishmaelites are
thought to be the wandering Bedouin tribes who populated
the North and West of the Arabian Peninsula giving rise to most of the Arab
nations. They now follow Mohammad, but they look to Ishmael as their
Were they considered part of the
Assembly of the Lord?
ISHMAEL DIED AT THE AGE OF 137
Genesis 25:17 Altogether, Ishmael lived a hundred and thirty-seven years. He
breathed his last and died, and he was gathered to his people.
HIS DESCENDANTS SETTLED IN THE AREA FROM HAVILAH TO SHUR
(EAST OF EGYPT)
Genesis 25:18 His descendants settled in the area from Havilah to Shur, near
the border of Egypt, as you go toward Asshur. And they lived in hostility toward
all their brothers.
This is the area
that we refer to as the Middle East (Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Iran)
ESAU MARRIED ONE OF ISHMAEL'S DAUGHTERS
Genesis 28:8-9 Esau then realized how displeasing the Canaanite women were to
his father Isaac; so he went to Ishmael and married Mahalath, the sister of
Nebaioth and daughter of Ishmael son of Abraham, in addition to the wives he
ESAU BECAME THE FATHER OF THE EDOMITES
Genesis 36:1-3 This is the account of Esau (that is, Edom). Esau took his
wives from the women of Canaan: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, and
Oholibamah daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite--also
Basemath daughter of Ishmael and sister of Nebaioth.
Genesis 36:4 Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau,
Genesis 36:13 The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and
Mizzah. These were grandsons of Esau's wife Basemath.
Genesis 36:17 The sons of Esau's son Reuel: Chiefs Nahath,
Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were the chiefs descended from Reuel in Edom;
they were grandsons of Esau's wife Basemath.
ABRAHAM'S OFFSPRING WERE TO BE RECKONED THROUGH ISAAC
Romans 9:6-8 It is not as though God's word had failed. For not all who
are descended from Israel are Israel. Nor because they are his descendants
are they all Abraham's children. On the contrary, "It
is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned." In
other words, it is not the natural children who are God's children, but it is
the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham's offspring.
HAGAR REPRESENTS A DIFFERENT COVENANT WITH GOD
Galatians 4:22-29 For it is written that Abraham had
two sons, one by the slave woman and the other by the free woman.
His son by the slave woman was born in the ordinary way; but his son by the free
woman was born as the result of a promise. These things may be taken
figuratively, for the women represent two covenants.
One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This
is Hagar. Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds
to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her
children. But the Jerusalem that is above is
free, and she is our mother. For it is written: "Be glad, O
barren woman, who bears no children; break forth and cry aloud, you who have no
labor pains; because more are the children of the desolate woman than of her who
has a husband." Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of
promise. At that time the son born in the ordinary way persecuted the son
born by the power of the Spirit. It is the same now.
THE CHILDREN OF THE SLAVE WOMEN WILL NOT RECEIVE THE SAME INHERITANCE AS
THE CHILDREN OF THE FREE WOMEN
Galatians 4:30-31 But what does the Scripture say? "Get rid of the
slave woman and her son, for the slave woman's son will never share in the
inheritance with the free woman's son." Therefore, brothers, we are
not children of the slave woman, but of the free woman
WILL THE CHILDREN OF HAGAR RECEIVE A DIFFERENT INHERITANCE?
ARE THE MUSLIMS DESCENDANTS OF ISHMAEL?
DOES ISLAM HAVE A PLACE IN GOD'S PLAN FOR ETERNITY?
WHO ARE THE NATIONS IN THE NEW HEAVEN AND EARTH?
See The Nations