You are to be holy to me because I, the LORD, am holy,
and I have set you apart from the nations to be my own.
Lot and his daughters
When the men got up to leave, they looked down toward Sodom, and Abraham
walked along with them to see them on their way.
Then the LORD said, "Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do?
Abraham will surely become a great and powerful nation, and all nations on
earth will be blessed through him.
For I have chosen him, so that he will direct his children and his household
after him to keep the way of the LORD by doing what is right and just, so that
the LORD will bring about for Abraham what he has promised him."
Then the LORD said, "The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and
their sin so grievous that I will go down and see if what they have done is as bad as the outcry
that has reached me. If not, I will know."
The men turned away and went toward Sodom, but Abraham remained standing
before the LORD.
Then Abraham approached him and said:
"Will you sweep away the righteous with
What if there are fifty righteous people in the city? Will you really sweep
it away and not spare the place for the sake of the fifty righteous people in
Far be it from you to do such a thing--to kill the righteous with the wicked,
treating the righteous and the wicked alike. Far be it from you! Will not the
Judge of all the earth do right?"
The LORD said, "If I find fifty righteous people in the city of Sodom, I will
spare the whole place for their sake."
Then Abraham spoke up again: "Now that I have been so bold as to speak to the
Lord, though I am nothing but dust and ashes, what if the number of the righteous is five less than fifty? Will you destroy
the whole city because of five people?"
"If I find forty-five there," he said,
"I will not destroy it."
Once again he spoke to him, "What if only forty are found
He said, "For the sake of forty, I will not do it."
Then he said, "May the Lord not be angry, but let me speak. What if only
thirty can be found there?"
He answered, "I will not do it if I find thirty
Abraham said, "Now that I have been so bold as to speak to
the Lord, what if only twenty can be found there?"
He said, "For the sake of twenty, I will not destroy it."
Then he said, "May the Lord not be angry, but let me speak just once more.
What if only ten can be found there?"
He answered, "For the sake of ten, I will
not destroy it."
When the LORD had finished speaking with Abraham, he left, and Abraham
The two angels arrived at Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the
gateway of the city. When he saw them, he got up to meet them and bowed down
with his face to the ground.
"My lords," he said, "please turn aside to your servant's house. You can wash
your feet and spend the night and then go on your way early in the morning."
"No," they answered, "we will spend the night in the square."
But he insisted so strongly that they did go with him and entered his house.
He prepared a meal for them, baking bread without yeast, and they ate.
Before they had gone to bed, all the men from every part of the city of
Sodom--both young and old--surrounded the house.
They called to Lot, "Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them
out to us so that we can have sex with them."
Lot went outside to meet them and shut the door behind him and said, "No, my friends. Don't do this wicked thing.
Look, I have two daughters who have never slept with a man. Let me bring them
out to you, and you can do what you like with them. But don't do anything to
these men, for they have come under the protection of my roof."
"Get out of our way," they replied. And they said, "This fellow came here as
an alien, and now he wants to play the judge! We'll treat you worse than them."
They kept bringing pressure on Lot and moved forward to break down the door.
But the men inside reached out and pulled Lot back into the house and shut
Then they struck the men who were at the door of the house, young and old,
with blindness so that they could not find the door.
The two men said to Lot, "Do you have anyone else here--sons-in-law, sons or
daughters, or anyone else in the city who belongs to you? Get them out of here, because we are going to destroy this place. The outcry to the LORD against
its people is so great that he has sent us to destroy it."
So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who were pledged to marry his
daughters. He said, "Hurry and get out of this place, because the LORD is about
to destroy the city!" But his sons-in-law thought he was joking.
With the coming of dawn, the angels urged Lot, saying, "Hurry! Take your wife
and your two daughters who are here, or you will be swept away when the city is
When he hesitated, the men grasped his hand and the hands of his wife and of
his two daughters and led them safely out of the city, for the LORD was merciful
As soon as they had brought them out, one of them said, "Flee for your lives!
Don't look back, and don't stop anywhere in the plain! Flee to the mountains or
you will be swept away!"
But Lot said to them, "No, my lords, please!
Your servant has found favor in your eyes, and you have shown great kindness
to me in sparing my life. But I can't flee to the mountains; this disaster will
overtake me, and I'll die.
Look, here is a town near enough to run to, and it is small. Let me flee to
it--it is very small, isn't it? Then my life will be spared."
He said to him, "Very well, I will grant this request too; I will not
overthrow the town you speak of.
But flee there quickly, because I cannot do anything until you reach it."
(That is why the town was called Zoar.)
By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sun had risen over the land.
Then the LORD rained down burning sulfur on Sodom and Gomorrah--from the LORD
out of the heavens.
Thus he overthrew those cities and the entire plain, including all those
living in the cities--and also the vegetation in the land.
But Lot's wife looked back, and she became a pillar of salt.
Early the next morning Abraham got up and returned to the place where he had
stood before the LORD.
He looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah, toward all the land of the plain,
and he saw dense smoke rising from the land, like smoke from a furnace.
So when God destroyed the cities of the plain, he remembered Abraham, and he
brought Lot out of the catastrophe that overthrew the cities where Lot had
Lot and his two daughters left Zoar and settled in the mountains, for he was
afraid to stay in Zoar. He and his two daughters lived in a cave.
One day the older daughter said to the younger, "Our father is old, and there
is no man around here to lie with us, as is the custom all over the earth.
Let's get our father to drink wine and then lie with him and preserve our
family line through our father."
That night they got their father to drink wine, and the older daughter went
in and lay with him. He was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got
The next day the older daughter said to the younger, "Last night I lay with
my father. Let's get him to drink wine again tonight, and you go in and lie with
him so we can preserve our family line through our father."
So they got their father to drink wine that night also, and the younger
daughter went and lay with him. Again he was not aware of it when she lay down
or when she got up.
So both of Lot's daughters became pregnant by their father.
The older daughter had a son, and she named him Moab ; he is the father of
the Moabites of today.
The younger daughter also had a son, and she named him Ben-Ammi ; he is the
father of the Ammonites of today.